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7 Wonders of the world - 7 Miracles of the World

    Various lists of the Wonders in the World have been compiled by ancient time to the present day to list the most amazing natural wonders and man-made structures in the world. The following New Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is the first known list of the most remarkable creations of classical antiquity.

7 Wonders of the World:

1. Great Wall of China
2. Christ the Redeemer
3. Machu Picchu
4. Chichen Itza
5. Colosseum
6. Taj Mahal
7. Petra

                        1. Great Wall of China:
                            (Historical Border of China):

Great Wall of China, 7 Wonder of the world

    The Great Wall of China is historical border of china is an ancient wall in China. The wall is made with cement, rocks, bricks, and powdered dirt. It was built to protect for the north of the empire of China from enemy attacks. The wall is around 21,196 kilometres or 13,171 miles long, 9.1 meters (30 feet) wide and 15 meters (50 feet) high. It's normally inbuilt along with the east to west line across the  China's historical national border to protect the Chinese Kingdoms and empires from the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe. Several walls were being built as early as the seventh century BC. These later joined together and made stronger and bigger, are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall. The Great Wall has also included border controls, regulation or encouragement of trade and the control of immigration and emigration, allowing the imposition of duties on goods transported along the Silk Road. The Great Wall is actually a succession of multiple walls extend approx 6437 kilometres, it make longest man made structure in the world.

                        2. Christ the Redeemer:
                            (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil):

Christ the Redeemer, 7 Wonders of the world

    Christ the Redeemer is an Arts Décoratifs statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is created in collaboration with the French engineer Albert Caquot, by Polish-French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by the Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa. The statue's face was created by the Romanian artist Gheorghe Leonida. The statue is built 30 meters (98 ft) tall, it is not including its 8-meter (26 ft) pedestal and its arms stretch 28 meters (92 ft) wide. As comparison, it is approx 2/3rd the height of the Christ the Redeemer's Statue of Liberty’s height from base to torch. The statue's weighs is 635 metric tons and 625 long and 700 short tons. It's situated at the top of Mount Corcovado, 700 meters (2,300 feet) in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the town of Rio. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone, and it statue was constructed between 1922 and 1931 AD.

                        3. Machu Picchu:
                            (Cusco Region, Peru):

Machu Pichu, 7 Wonders of the world

    An Incan city of sparkling granite precariously perched between 2 towering Andean peaks, is assumed by scholars to possess been a sacred archaeological center for the nearby Incan capital of Cusco. Machu Pikchu is a 15th century Inca fort located on a hilltop 2,430 metres (7,970 feet) above from sea level. It's located within the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru, above the Sacred Valley, which is 80 kilometers (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. The site can only be reached by foot, train or helicopter; most visitors visit by train from nearby Cusco.Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). The Incas inbuilt the estate about in the year of 1450 but abandoned it a century after at the time of the Spanish Conquest. It was inbuilt in the classical Inca type, with polished drys tone walls. Machu Picchu was declared a Historic Sanctuary of Peru in the year 1981 and also declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year of 1983.

                        4. Chichen Itza:
                            (Yucatan, Mexico):

Chichen Itza, 7 Wonders of the world

    Chichen Itza was an pre-Columbian town inbuilt by the Maya people in the Terminal Classic era. The archaeological site is located in Tinúm Municipality, Yucatán State, Mexico.The genius and adaptability of Mayan culture can be seen in the splendid ruins of Chichen Itza. This powerful city is a trading center for cloth, honey and salt, slaves, flourished from approximately 800 to 1200, and acted as the economic and political hub of the Mayan civilization. The most familiar ruin at the site is El Caracol, a sophisticated astronomical observatory.Built by the pre-Columbian Maya civilization sometime between the 9th and 12th centuries CE, El Castillo served as a temple to the god Kukulkan, the Yucatec Maya Feathered Serpent deity is closely related to the god Quetzalcoatl fame to the Aztecs and another central Mexican cultures of the Postclassic period. The pyramid contain of a series of square terraces with stairways up each of the 4 sides on top of the temple. Sculptures of plumed serpents run down the edges of the northern balustrade. The structure is 24 m (79 ft) high, plus a further 6 m (20 ft) for the temple. The square base crosses 55.3 meters (181 feet).

                        5. Colosseum:
                            (Rome, Italy):

Colosseum, 7 Wonders of the world

    The Colosseum or Coliseum is also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre.Colosseo, is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built with concrete and sand, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built. The Colosseum or Coliseum is situated near of the Roman Forum. Built between A.D. 70 and 80, it was in use for a few 500 years. The elliptical structure sat nearly 50,000 spectators, who gathered to look at the gladiatorial events yet as other public spectacles, including battle reenactments, animal hunts and executions. The building ceased to be used for entertainment within the primary medieval era. It had been later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a spiritual order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine. Although partly ruined due to damage caused by stone-robbers and earthquakes, the Colosseum is still an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome. It's one amongst Rome’s most well liked tourist attractions.The Colosseum is also depicted on the Italian version of the five-cent euro coin.

                        6. Taj Mahal:
                            (Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India):

Taj Mahal, 7 Wonders of the world

    The Taj Mahal was built between 1632 and 1648.The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna River in the Indian city of Agra. The mausoleum was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor,  emperor Shah Jahan, to house the tomb of his favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is that the centerpiece of a 42-acre complex, which incorporates a mosque and a guest house, and is ready in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall. Construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in the year of 1643 but mausoleum's work continued on other phases of the project for an additional 10 years. The monument of Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year of 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one among the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”. The mausoleum attracts 7 to 8 million visitors every year.

                        7. Petra:
                            (Ma'an, Jordan):

Petra, 7 Wonders of the world

    Petra was the capital of the Nabataean empire of King Aretas IV, and sure existed in its prime from 9 B.C. to A.D. 40, Declared a World Heritage Site in 1985. Petra, originally known to the Nabataeans as Raqmu, could be a historical and archaeological city in southern Jordan. The city is popular for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. Another name for Petra is that the Rose City due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved.It is a symbol of Jordan, as well as Jordan’s most-visited tourist attraction. The Nabateans are known for his or her great ability in constructing efficient water collecting methods in the barren deserts and their talent in carving structures into solid rocks. It lies on the slope of Jebel al-Madhbah (known by some because the biblical Mount Hor) during a very basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the huge valley running from the lake to the Gulf of Aqaba. It is declared an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. The UNESCO site has described Petra as "one among the most precious cultural attributes of human cultural heritage.

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