Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Navnath

7 Wonders of the world - 7 Miracles of the World

    Various lists of the Wonders of the World have been compiled from antiquity to the present day, to catalog the world's most spectacular natural wonders and man made structures. The following New Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is the first known list of the most remarkable creations of classical antiquity.

7 Wonders of the World:

1. Great Wall of China
2. Christ the Redeemer
3. Machu Picchu
4. Chichen Itza
5. Colosseum
6. Taj Mahal
7. Petra
1. Great Wall of China:
(Historical Border of China):
Great Wall of China, 7 Wonders of the world
Great Wall of China
    The Great Wall of China is an ancient wall in China. The wall is made of cement, rocks, bricks, and powdered dirt. It was built to protect the north of the empire of China from enemy attacks. It is about 21,196 kilometers (13,171 miles) long, 9.1 meters (30 feet) wide and 15 meters (50 feet) high.Generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe.Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC; these, later joined together and made bigger and stronger, are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall. Other purposes of the Great Wall have included border controls, allowing the imposition of duties on goods transported along the Silk Road, regulation or encouragement of trade and the control of immigration and emigration. The Great Wall is actually a succession of multiple walls spanning approximately 4,000 miles, making it the world's longest man made structure.

2. Christ the Redeemer:
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil):
Christ the Redeemer, 7 Wonders of the world
Christ the Redeemer
    Christ the Redeemer is an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, created by Polish-French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by the Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration with the French engineer Albert Caquot. The face was created by the Romanian artist Gheorghe Leonida. The statue is 30 meters (98 ft) tall, not including its 8-meter (26 ft) pedestal, and its arms stretch 28 meters (92 ft) wide. By comparison, it is approximately two-thirds the height of the Statue of Liberty’s height from base to torch. The statue weighs 635 metric tons (625 long, 700 short tons), and is located at the peak of the 700-meter (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city of Rio.It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone, and was constructed between 1922 and 1931.

3. Machu Picchu:
(Cusco Region, Peru):
Machu Picchu, 7 Wonders of the world
Machu Picchu
    An Incan city of sparkling granite precariously perched between 2 towering Andean peaks, is thought by scholars to have been a sacred archaeological center for the nearby Incan capital of Cusco.Machu Pikchu, is a 15th-century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru, above the Sacred Valley, which is 80 kilometers (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. The site can only be reached by foot, train or helicopter; most visitors visit by train from nearby Cusco.Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). he Incas built the estate around 1450 but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest.Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls.Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historic Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.

4. Chichen Itza:
(Yucatan, Mexico):
Chichen Itza, 7 Wonders of the world
Chichen Itza
    Chichen Itza was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya people of the Terminal Classic period. The archaeological site is located in Tinúm Municipality, Yucatán State, Mexico.The genius and adaptability of Mayan culture can be seen in the splendid ruins of Chichen Itza. This powerful city, a trading center for cloth, slaves, honey and salt, flourished from approximately 800 to 1200, and acted as the political and economic hub of the Mayan civilization. The most familiar ruin at the site is El Caracol, a sophisticated astronomical observatory.Built by the pre-Columbian Maya civilization sometime between the 9th and 12th centuries CE, El Castillo served as a temple to the god Kukulkan, the Yucatec Maya Feathered Serpent deity closely related to the god Quetzalcoatl known to the Aztecs and other central Mexican cultures of the Postclassic period. The pyramid consists of a series of square terraces with stairways up each of the four sides to the temple on top. Sculptures of plumed serpents run down the sides of the northern balustrade. The structure is 24 m (79 ft) high, plus an additional 6 m (20 ft) for the temple. The square base measures 55.3 m (181 ft) across.

5. Colosseum:
(Rome, Italy):
Colosseum, 7 Wonders of the world
Colosseum
    The Colosseum or Coliseum is also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre.Colosseo, is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and sand, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built. The Colosseum is situated just east of the Roman Forum. Built between A.D. 70 and 80 A.D., it was in use for some 500 years. The elliptical structure sat nearly 50,000 spectators, who gathered to watch the gladiatorial events as well as other public spectacles, including battle reenactments, animal hunts and executions.  The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine. Although partially ruined because of damage caused by earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is still an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome. It is one of Rome’s most popular tourist attractions.The Colosseum is also depicted on the Italian version of the five-cent euro coin.

6. Taj Mahal:
(Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India):
Taj Mahal, 7 Wonders of the world
Taj Mahal
    The Taj Mahal was built between 1632 and 1648.The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna River in the Indian city of Agra.It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan (reigned 1628–1658), to house the tomb of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is the centerpiece of a 42-acre complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall.Construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in 1643 but work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years. The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”. The Taj Mahal attracts 7–8 million visitors a year.

7. Petra:
(Ma'an, Jordan):
Petra, 7 Wonders of the world
Petra
Petra was the capital of the Nabataean empire of King Aretas IV, and likely existed in its prime from 9 B.C. to A.D. 40, Declared a World Heritage Site in 1985.Petra, originally known to the Nabataeans as Raqmu, is a historical and archaeological city in southern Jordan. The city is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. Another name for Petra is the Rose City due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved.It is a symbol of Jordan, as well as Jordan’s most-visited tourist attraction. The Nabateans are also known for their great ability in constructing efficient water collecting methods in the barren deserts and their talent in carving structures into solid rocks. It lies on the slope of Jebel al-Madhbah (identified by some as the biblical Mount Hor) in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985. UNESCO has described Petra as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage.

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